Posts Tagged ‘ Law ’

Sermon on the Mount study notes – Matthew 5:17-20

I have started a small group series on Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7). I am sharing my notes in case anyone else wants to use them with their group.

Sermon on the Mount – Part 5

Matthew 5:1-2:
Jesus wants to teach the crowds: Who are they? Jewish disciples: People who understand the
Scriptures (at least to a point). Notice from 7:28 the crowds still came along, but this teaching is for His disciples.

What does “blessed” mean?
Based on the first twelve verses, blessed means realizing our own wretchedness and need for a Savior. In other words, it is becoming/being a Christian.

Matthew 5:17-20

What is the Law?

  • The books of Moses, the Pentateuch, the Torah (Genesis-Deuteronomy)
  • Jewish leadership of Jesus’ day would have included the writings of teachers that expounded on and added to the Law.
  • The Prophets (the rest of the OT) were highly regarded, too, except by the Sadducees.

What is the purpose of the Law?
Romans 3:19-20 – points out our sin

What is antinomianism?
Anti = against, removed. Nomian (Deutero-nomy) = law. Therefore, against the Law or the Law
removed.
In other words and in a summation: antinomianism teaches that we are not under any part of the Law,
even the Moral Law (summarized as the 10 Commandments).
• Deuteronomy 6:1-2, 12:1 – Laws for the Promised Land

Matthew 5:17:
Pretty clearly says “not abolish but fulfill”:
• What does Jesus mean by fulfill?
o 1 Peter 2:22-25 – Perfectly obey and bring about what was prophesied.

Matthew 5:18:
• How do antinomians interpret this verse?
   o John 19:30 – They say He meant the Law is accomplished (after all, that entire passage speaks of how
His crucifixion fulfills Scripture, i.e. the Law and Prophets.)
• What is the better interpretation?
   o John 17:4 – accomplish the work the Father gave
   o Luke 19:10
• Also, “until heaven and earth pass away …” The Law stands until all of God’s plan is complete, i.e.
the renewal of all things.

Matthew 5:19:
• Relaxes one of the least of these commandments?
o Matthew 23:23-24
▪ The leaders stressed things like the tithe (meant for the Temple and priests, Numbers 18) but
showed a lack of compassion and justice and faithfulness to God’s intent.
• But we don’t obey all of those laws, right?
o Acts 15:22-29 – We an understand this as “do not worry about the Law for Israel, just obey the
Ten Commandments as has been revealed.”
o But what about the Sabbath?
▪ Hebrews 4:1-13
All other Commandments are repeated in the New Testament except the Sabbath (we await the full rest
of our souls and renewed bodies in eternity)

The tithe is also not expressly demanded in the NT. The tithe was supposed to supply the priests with food and necessary means for Temple operations and upkeep.

Matthew 5:20:
Jesus rarely said the Jewish leaders were flat out wrong about their teachings. They understood God’s
Word really well!
• Matthew 23 explains the 7 woes of Jesus against the Scribes and Pharisees
o Basically, they made themselves look good on the outside, but they were hypocrites.
• We are to work out of love of God and people: Romans 13:14; 2 Corinthians 5:14-17

VerseD: John 3:17

For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.

John 3:17, ESV

Christ was not sent to condemn. The Law and our own conscience already do that. Christ came to reach out to and save those who stand condemned. (All of us.)

VerseD: Psalm 19:7

The law of the Lord is perfect,  reviving the soul;  the testimony of the Lord is sure,  making wise the simple

Psalm 19:7, ESV

The Bible shows us our sinfulness, our means of salvation, and the reality and greatness of our God.

Believe the words the Holy Spirit led men to write.

VerseD: Exodus 20:16

“You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.”
Exodus 20:16, ESV

False witness – lying – is devaluing the person you lie to or about, and it blaspheme their maker, in whose image we are all made.

VerseD: Psalm 19:11-12

Moreover, by them is your servant warned; in keeping them there is great reward. Who can discern his errors? Declare me innocent from hidden faults.
Psalm 19:11‭-‬12, ESV

God’s Law and statutes warn of sin and temptation. Through Christ, we are declared innocent of any wrongdoing.

VerseD: Psalm 19:7-8

The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; the precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes
Psalm 19:7‭-‬8, ESV

Our conscience confirms, the history and theology revealed in the Bible – the command to love God and others – states plainly there is right and wrong. Following God’s Law is what brings us true joy and salvation.

VerseD: Deuteronomy 30:16

If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I command you today, by loving the Lord your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it.
Deuteronomy 30:16, ESV

God explained His commandments, statutes, and rules simply: Love God, love people, love the Church.
Our blessing? Eternal life through and with the Son!

VerseD: Deuteronomy 30:16

If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I command you today, by loving the Lord your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it.
Deuteronomy 30:16, ESV

The commands we obey are summarized in loving God, loving people, and loving the Church.

Our Promised Land is eternity with Christ.

Possess eternity through faith in Christ.

VerseD: Galatians 5:14

For the whole law is fulfilled in one word: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”
Galatians 5:14, ESV

Loving others includes helping in times of need; sacrificing time, money, energy, and comfort; leading from sin to repentance and Christ; and merely being present and attentive.

VerseD: Romans 6:14

For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.
Romans 6:14, ESV

This may be one of the hardest things for us to learn and know: that our sin only has as much control as we let it have over us. God’s grace, imparted through Christ’s atonement and by the Holy Spirit, frees us from sin’s power.